What To Ask Your Physician If You Have Cancer

You may find that there are many different options for you, if you or someone you are close to has been recently diagnosed with cancer. But the thing here is that these options will not find you. https://www.ajmc.com/newsroom/atezolizumab-plus-chemotherapy-prolongs-pfs-in-triplenegative-breast-cancer have to find them. Read the tips in this article to learn about how to find those cancer-beating options.

If you have a friend or loved one suffering from cancer, there are many ways to show your love and support. One way is to accompany the person to doctor appointments and chemotherapy or radiation treatments. Cancer can be a lonely disease, and having a supportive partner can do wonders to lift the spirits of the one fighting it.

Cancer not only turns the patient's life upside down, but also his family's. There are many ways to deal with cancer, so consult with a doctor regularly.

Maintaining a healthy diet can help you to keep your energy levels up if you have cancer. This disease is very draining on you emotionally and physically. Keeping high levels of energy is imperative if you hope to fight and beat this disease. Higher levels of energy mean you can exercise more and work to get healthy.

Seek out other people who have been diagnosed with cancer. They understand your situation and many of the feelings that you are having. While your friends and family members are wonderful, it may be difficult to talk to them about certain aspects of your treatment. There are a variety of local support groups and forums that you can find online.





The Risk of Alternative Cancer Treatments


The Risk of Alternative Cancer Treatments However, a small but significant number of cancer patients reject the treatments offered by mainstream oncologists and seek instead alternative remedies that may sound wonderful to a layperson but lack the support of scientifically valid research. Their reasons range from wanting to feel empowered by making their own treatment decisions to avoiding toxic side effects by selecting remedies they consider harmless.


There is always a chance that a mammogram won't be able to spot any tumor, so a manual breast inspection is in order if you want thorough results. A skilled mammogram technician should also be skilled at giving a manual exam and also skilled in showing you how to give yourself a breast exam.

There a lot of people who have outdated feelings towards cancer. There are those who may think that cancer is something they can "catch", or that a cancer diagnosis prevents you from participating in normal activities. Make sure you are being open and honest.

Someone with cancer is going to want and need their time alone, so you have to know when to back off and to give a person some space. Having pride is important to everyone and sometimes, people do not want you to see them so vulnerable. Respect their request for privacy or you might be pushed away completely.

Taking the time to listen to someone with cancer is important, but you should actually go a step further and schedule a time to talk and get everything out in the open. When natural herbs for cancer is in higher spirits and not dealing with any negative side effects of the disease, it's a good time to sit down and have a true heart-to-heart.

All people who have had cancer should understand that it can always come back bigger, meaner and stronger. You have to deal with this fear now so that you are better prepared if in fact the cancer does return. Do not assume that you will be ready to deal with it the second time just because you dealt with it the first time. Prepare yourself accordingly.

If you do something as simple as switching from whole or 2% milk to low-fat options like 1% or skim milk, you can prevent cancer, because simply eating healthier is one of your best lines of defense. Cutting the fat and cholesterol from your diet here means that you're going to live an all-around healthier and hopefully cancer-free life.

Don't smoke, or stop if you have already started. Smoking is linked to about three out of every ten cancer deaths. It is damaging to your heart, lungs, and skin. Even moderate smoking carries heavy risks. If just click the following post choose not to start, or can stop today, you'll be well on your way to a healthier life.





It is important that females get a pap smear done at least once every two years. If you have a history of gynecological problems, you may want to have one every year. Pap smears detect cervical cancer and changes in their cervical cells, which if caught early, is very treatable.

There is no such thing as a healthy amount of alcohol if you're dealing with cancer or have cancer in your family history. Overindulging in alcohol heightens your risk of some types of cancer; the more you drink, the greater the risk. Throat, esophagus and mouth cancers are threats to those who consume excess alcohol. If you do decide to drink, try to at least do so with moderation.

Learn self testing methods for detecting breast cancer. Breast cancer is a leading cause of death in women of all ages, and can be identified early through regular breast exams that you can perform at home. If you are able to detect breast cancer early, you could avoid it advancing in stage to a point where your life is in danger.

"Put yourself in their shoes!" When caring for someone who has been diagnosed with cancer it is important to be understand them! They will need time to adjust to the diagnosis and will go through a series of emotions. They will need you to be supporting and understanding at all times - no matter how they act emotionally!



One of the alternative treatments to cancer that you can add in addition to your doctors orders is a mind and body therapy. This therapy focuses on behavior, faith and emotions. The treatments can include hypnosis, biofeedback and counseling. These techniques will not cure cancer but can greatly change your attitude about it and give your emotional life a lift.

Eat sushi and drink miso soup to help in your fight against cancer. Several studies have been conducted showing seaweed to be beneficial in shrinking cancer tumors, specifically skin cancer tumors. Sushi and miso soup both contain seaweed. They can be a healthy addition to your diet.

By following the tips and advice discussed above, you can be sure to make living with cancer or someone with cancer something that shouldn't be feared, but something that can be tolerated and possibly cured. As was said at the beginning, there are many options and things available, so talk to a doctor and use these tips.

How To Deal With Cancer

Receiving a cancer diagnosis can be among the most tragic moments in a person's life. However, it can be easier to deal with the many challenges of cancer if we are equipped with the proper advice and information. This article contains advice that will help you on your way to understanding and dealing with cancer.

Battling cancer can be the biggest fight of your life. You need to be informed and in control of all the options you have. Don't be afraid to ask questions of your doctors, nurses and other medical caregivers. Research your type of cancer and empower yourself with knowledge. Arming yourself for battle can help you win the war!

The human papillomavirus, or HPV, is a cause of cervical cancer. This virus causes genital warts, which are transmitted by sexual contact. The only way to prevent the spread of HPV is the use of condoms and abstinence, or a vaccine that protects against the disease. Be responsible and don't practice unprotected sex. The possibility of cancer isn't worth the risk.

You should read books about cancer survivors when you are coping with cancer because it may help to give you inspiration. Reading inspirational books about survivors is a great way to give yourself the mental boost that is needed when you are feeling worried, stressed or depressed about your cancer.

Seeking https://abcnews.go.com/Health/researchers-poliovirus-treat-brain-cancer/story?id=56199145 from a support group is important when you are battling cancer and getting help. You will be able to learn valuable information from people who have already been in your shoes. They will be able to tell you what they went through and what things really worked for them.

Speak up for yourself when necessary. A lot of people still have old fashioned beliefs about cancer, and some even believe that cancer can be transmitted from person to person. Think in https://www.forbes.com/sites/victoriaforster/2018/08/01/ai-can-design-radiation-therapy-treatment-plan-for-cancer-in-twenty-minutes/ about how you will react to these kinds of questions, and when they come up, deal with them immediately. Doing so can assist in the ways that those around you treat you during your treatment regimen.

How you eat can help you fight against cancer, and a food like cabbage is incredibly healthy for you and very important if you're trying to prevent getting sick. Cabbage is full of indole-3-carbinols and sulforphane (that stinky stuff), and this can help you to fight against certain types of cancer.





If you have been recently diagnosed with cancer or have had it for some time I would highly suggest finding and joining a cancer support group. Cancer is one of the hardest diseases to deal with emotionally because it's mortality rates. Having a support group will help you cope and enjoy your life the best you can.

As a cancer survivor, you should be making plans to permanently monitor the long-term effects of the treatment you have completed. Some treatments will put you at a higher risk for cardiovascular issues and even a return of the cancer, so be sure that you speak with your doctor and make plans to monitor the effects of your previous treatments.

Drinking a lot of water is a great way to not only help with taking your cancer medications, but also to prevent cancer altogether. Ample water in your system is great for your kidneys and will help to prevent constipation. It also helps to keep you properly hydrated, in order to keep your cells healthy.

Know the signs and symptoms of lung cancer, and those that aren't so easy to see. Lung cancer is such a fatal disease, due to the fact that signs and symptoms often mask themselves as other conditions until the disease has spread throughout the lungs and caused greater damage.

Berries can be a very strong ally if you are trying to prevent contracting cancer. A wide assortment of berries like raspberries, blueberries and strawberries are full of anthocyanidins, phytochemicals, and other phenolic compounds that have cancer-fighting properties and antioxidant powers. Something as simple as a berry can help prevent cancer.

Know the moles on your body. It would not hurt to occasionally take a photo of the moles that you have, so you will be able to track their growth. If you have a mole that is growing or changing colors, you must go to have your doctor check it for you immediately.




Does cannabis cure cancer? We asked an expert


Does cannabis cure cancer? We asked an expert Astounding testimonials about cannabis and its derived products shrinking tumours or curing terminal cases are easy to find on the internet. But alluring as these stories are, they tend to be based on misunderstanding, wishful thinking or outright falsehood.



There's really nothing like boredom to bring your spirits down as you're fighting through your cancer, so make sure that you're always attempting to spice things up. Being bored will bring on those gloomy thoughts and throw you into a funk. Being entertained, on the other hand, reminds you of how fun being alive is.

Limit https://healthzguide.com/what-are-the-options-to-consider-in-alternative-cancer-treatment/ of red meats, and especially processed meats, in your diet. A healthy diet is linked to reduced risks of cancer. Eating a heavy amount of red, processed meats will increase the fat content of your diet. The processing in particular exposes you to some potentially harmful chemicals and preservatives. All of these things can be high risk factors for cancer.

Beware of the sun even on cloud covered days. The harmful rays of the sun are still making their way through the clouds and to your skin. Keep sunscreen applied even if you do not feel the heat of the sunrays. They are still causing the damage that they would if there was not a cloud in the sky.

It is important to be honest with your friends and family if you receive a cancer diagnosis. You will end up feeling lonely if you decide to fight cancer on your own. A good support system is absolutely necessary. You and your family can build strong bonds during this time if you allow total honesty and open communication to occur.

Make time to go outside and enjoy the fresh air. Your cancer treatments may make it impossible for you to exercise, but spending time outside will help you feel refreshed and rejuvenated. If you can walk or participate in a light jog do that as well. Exercise is important to the healing process.

If you feel as if you cannot express your true feelings about your disease and the treatment for it to your family, look into a social worker that your treatment center may have for you to talk with. If the center does not have one there, you are sure to find one through the internet in your area.

Turn your bedroom into an escape from all the noise and distractions of your life. Cancer treatments often cause people to have trouble sleeping, so taking out clocks, televisions and radios from your bedroom will help you rest better. Also try and get the room as dark as possible to facilitate sleep.

The tips you've just read in the article above are wide-ranging and were designed by the experts who wrote them to help you deal with your sickness in the easiest and most manageable ways possible. It's difficult enough to live with the disease; remember to use these quick tips to help you get rid of it.

Strong Recommendations If You Are Living With Asthma

A lot of people that live with asthma are living with some pain that they don't know they can alleviate. simply click the following post is there are ways to help relieve you from some of the pain and stress that comes with asthma, this article goes over some key tips you can learn to help you out.

Avoid being in contact with pets. Pets carry a lot of dust and other impurities on them. If you have a pet, wash it every week, and try keeping its hairs as short as possible. If you are going to be in contact with an animal, perhaps you should wear a mask.


Concurrent health problems can contribute to your asthma symptoms. Many people with allergies find that their asthma symptoms become worse around allergy triggers. If you keep on top of your concurrent health problems, you'll be less likely to be triggered into an acute asthma attack. Ask your doctor if your other diagnoses could contribute to your struggle with asthma.

If you have asthma, make sure to cover all your mattresses and your pillows with plastic covers. This will prevent any dust that may be on your fabrics from getting into your lungs. You should also wash all of your bedding in hot water at least once a week. Yes, this is a lot of work, but you will reap the benefits if you make the time to do it.

Sometimes it is easy to get caught without your inhaler. If you feel and asthma attack coming on, but you don't have your inhaler handy to deal with it, consume some caffeine. Coffee, tea, energy drinks, or whatever you can find. The caffeine will open up your airways and make it easier to breathe.

Learn as much as you can about living with your condition. Knowledge is power! Make sure you are well informed about the causes and known natural and prescribed ways to control your symptoms. Living with asthma can be difficult and cause you to have unwanted stress within your personal life.

Tobacco smoke is often a trigger for many people with asthma, regardless of their normal triggers. No one should smoke around you, nor should you allow smoke into your home or car. Strong odors like perfume and other inhaled irritants can also cause a reaction that could result in an attack.

If you are an asthma patient, be sure that you are drinking water that has been filtered. Unfiltered water could possibly contain allergens which could cause a severe asthma attack or flare up your symptoms. If you can afford it, you may want to consider only drinking water that has come from a bottle.

It is important that you take vitamins everyday in order to control asthma symptoms and attacks. Vitamins and nutrients help to promote oxygen and blood flow to your lungs which also controls asthma symptoms. Try to eat foods that will also provide you with nutrients, such as green vegetables and fruits.

It is important for asthma sufferers to make sure to get their flu shot every year. Getting the flu can be deadly for anyone, but for asthma sufferers, that chance is greater. The flu virus can cause fluid in your lungs, which in turn, can cause your asthma symptoms to flare up.

If you have children with asthma, be aware of their symptoms and watch for them. Many children do not want to report symptoms because they are afraid of being removed from a fun activity. If you notice a child suffering from symptoms, gently encourage use of an inhaler without insisting that they be removed from the situation.

If you or a family member suffers from severe asthma, get a recommendation from your doctor on which hospital to visit before you go on vacation. You don't want to be hunting for a qualified hospital in the midst of an attack. Knowing in https://www.vogue.in/content/why-scalp-care-is-as-important-as-skincare/ what doctors are good and how to get to them can cut down on the stress of the situation.

A dehumidifier can help ease your asthma symptoms. The wettest season is typically the season when you experience the worst asthma aggravation. A dehumidifier can make your home a pleasant refuge from seasonal asthma triggers. Dry air is easier for the asthma sufferer to breathe. You should always ensure that the dehumidifier you use - like all air-treatment devices - is clean before using it.

You will get a lot of support for your asthma if you join a group or just by talking with other people who have asthma. They can provide you with valuable tips and lessons on how to fight against asthma in many different situations. Support from other people is so important.

Asthma is a chronic disease with symptoms that are triggered by a host of causes. Determining which causes trigger your asthma is the best way to keep your symptoms under control. Some common triggers include allergens, such as dust and pollen, cigarette smoke, cold viruses, changes in the weather, medications, exercise and some foods. Pay careful attention to all of these factors whenever your symptoms reappear, and try to pin down the likeliest causes. Once you figure this out, you can start taking precautions to avoid situations that expose you to those conditions.

One important thing to remember when it comes to asthma is that different triggers are more or less severe for different people. While tobacco smoke may trigger a severe outbreak in one, it causes nothing in the other. As such work with your doctor to determine which triggers you need to avoid.

Environmental irritants often trigger asthma attacks. One of the main irritants in modern society is cigarette smoke. If you suffer from asthma, smoking is one of the worst possible habits for you to pick up, and should be avoided. In addition, try to stay a good distance away from any smokers or from rooms rich in the smell. Too much of this irritant could trigger an attack.

Exercise moderately when you have asthma. Very strenuous exercise and the increased rate of breathing required can cause problems and trigger an asthma attack. Control your breathing by taking up light to moderate exercise. Yoga is especially helpful in this regard. Swimming may also help with breath control while providing good exercise.

Make sure that you learn how to use your medicine properly. This is very important for children that use inhalers. Some experts estimate that half of all asthma use inhalers improperly. When used properly asthma inhalers deliver medicine much more effectively than other methods and the risk of side effects are much lower than other treatment options.

Now that https://myvivaablog.tumblr.com have armed yourself with information on the common symptoms, triggers, and courses of treatment for this common respiratory condition, you will be better prepared to discuss medical care and prevention. Remember this useful and highly recommended advice to do whatever it takes to stay one step ahead of asthma.

Easy Tricks To Help You Reduce Weight Fast!

Anyone can lose weight if they are committed to doing so, but it's made so much easier if you are aware of effective strategies on losing weight safely and for the long-term. There are many ways to lose weight, but it's important to do so in a way that is easy for you to stick with. Here are some canny tips that we are sure will be invaluable to you.


When losing weight it's important to not deny yourself. If you tell yourself you can't have something, you are going to end up wanting it even more. When that craving hits, only have a bite or two, and see if that causes your craving to pass. If losing weight becomes too complicated, you probably won't stick to it.

Plan out your meals for the week and as you begin each day follow your plan accordingly. When you plan out what meals you are going to eat and when, it leaves less room for spontaneity and less of a chance you could slip from your diet and eat fast food. When you are going on a diet, you have to commit, and part of committing is planning.

Eating slowly is one of the best things you can do to lose weight. As a society, we tend to rush through everything, including our meals. If you eat too quickly, your brain doesn't have a chance to realize that your body is full. Therefore, https://patientengagementhit.com/features/patient-pre-registration-tips-for-a-quality-consumer-experience continue to crave more food than you actually need.

Have soup for supper when you are working at losing weight. Since this is the last meal of the day, it is important to keep the calories lower because your activity level is reduced at night. Soup has such a high content of water that it fills you up with fewer calories than other foods. Just be careful to avoid creamy soups or ones with high sodium content.

Whether your goals are just to lose weight or to bulk up, you need to include strength training in your workouts. Just doing cardio workouts like running, walking, or swimming aren't enough. Strength training helps you build up more muscle and burn more calories at a resting rate as well as burning more calories during the workout.

Refrigerate your soup before you eat it. If you love to cook and you are trying to lose weight, you can actually skim the fat off the top of any soups you cook. After cooking https://1drv.ms/f/s!ApmFhfNkZyORaTaqv6VlLbxLaGs of soup, refrigerate it. All of the fat will rise to the top.

When view site… are trying to lose weight, avoid mindless eating. Slow down and pay attention to what you are doing when you have something to eat. Do not just sit in front of the TV eating directly out of the package and barely tasting what you are eating. You will consume much less food if you are careful to really think about it first.



A low carb diet is a very healthy and safe diet that you can choose to optimize weight loss. In this diet, you will reduce the foods that are very high in carbs such as pasta. Substitute fruits and vegetables as alterative foods to consume when beginning this diet program.

Saturated fats should be avoided as often as possible. They can cause you to gain fat and add to your cholesterol level as well. Fat that is gained is very difficult for your body to get rid of. Always check the labels when purchasing processed foods, as many contain saturated fats.

Losing weight can be a long or a short journey depending on how much you want to lose. The trick is keeping it off. You need to change your lifestyle to change your weight. Don't just go on a quick diet and then go back to your old eating habits, or you will find the weight right back on your body.



Gradually increase the amount of exercise you perform on a daily basis. https://food.ndtv.com/food-drinks/10-amazing-health-benefits-of-asafoetida-we-should-all-know-about-1825666 will continue to lose weight if you keep your body guessing. If you are doing 30 minutes of exercise a day, increase it to 35 or 40 minutes. If you are doing mostly aerobic exercises, start lifting weights.

The color blue is actually proven to be an appetite suppressant. You won't find the color blue in restaurants for a great reason. Make sure to utilize the color blue to the fullest extent in your goal of weight loss. Wear blue outfits, serve your dinner on a blue plate or use a blue tablecloth.

If you are a salad lover, it is important to make your own dressing. Make a vinaigrette based dressing and keep it in your fridge. Many store-bought dressings are filled with calories, that can turn a healthy salad into a dieters nightmare. Be careful with how much you use, everything should be done in moderation.

If you buy a daily lunch while you are at work you can burn some calories by walking a few blocks to go and get it instead of opting for delivery. Even if your job has a cafeteria inside the building, you should still go out to get the exercise.

The best way to lose weight and maintain it is to treat yourself from time to time. If you are really craving something "� if you deny having it "� it will make it harder for you to stay happy with your weight loss program. Instead, eat these treats in moderation, and as they are meant to be eaten - as treats!

As stated in the beginning, these tips and rules will help you lose the weight, whether you are trying to fit back into your skinny jeans, or take off the baby weight from three kids! Weight loss is a tried and true result with the same basic principals to get you there.

Gain Control Over Your Asthma With These Remarkable Tips

With more than 17 million men, women, and kids suffering from asthma in the United States alone, there is a very good chance that you or someone you know is affected with this respiratory condition. Fortunately, this selection of carefully selected tips and tricks will leave you more informed about asthma.

Wash your bedding regularly, at least once a week. Your bedding might contain dust and microscopic acarids which can cause asthma. You should also place a protective plastic cover on your mattress since you cannot wash it. Keep your clean bedding in a drawer where it will not get dusty.

Your doctor may thing that corticosteroids are the best relief from your asthma attacks. This is especially true if you have really bad attacks. They may be a little harder to diagnose but can be swallowed or injected in the case of an attack to open up your passages more effectively.

Avoid keeping potted plants in your home. Certain plants might have a smell or change the nature of the air you breathe in a way that triggers asthma. If you want to keep plants, pay close attention to your symptoms and be ready to remove the plants if you notice any changes.

Control the humidity within your home. Many people with asthma have seasonal triggers, meaning that as the humidity changes, they are more prone to attacks. Keeping your home at a steady low level of humidity throughout the year by using a dehumidifer could drastically reduce the number of asthma attacks you have.

If you have asthma, make sure to cover all your mattresses and your pillows with plastic covers. This will prevent any dust that may be on your fabrics from getting into your lungs. https://www.mid-day.com/articles/health-news-7-best-hair-care-tips-for-monsoon-season-rains-lifestyle/18436182 should also wash all of your bedding in hot water at least once a week. Yes, this is a lot of work, but you will reap the benefits if you make the time to do it.

Keep your bed linens washed on at least a weekly basis. Make simply click the up coming website page to always wash them in hot water. This will keep your bed from harboring dust mites and other allergens that can trigger an attack. Having as clean a home as possible is one of the best defenses against asthma.

Avoid bringing plants into your home. Unfortunately, this includes decorative bouquets and similar gifts. The pollen and scents produced by these plants can trigger asthma symptoms, or they can trigger the environmental allergies that go along with asthma for many sufferers. If someone does bring flowers into your home, thank them politely but remove the flowers at the first sign of symptoms.


Have your inhaler technique checked. Many people use their inhaler improperly. If you aren't using your inhaler correctly, you may not be receiving the correct dosage of medication, which means that it won't work as effectively for you. Any medical practitioner with experience in asthma treatment should be able to critique your inhaler technique.

Asthma is commonly linked to allergies. People with allergies tend to develop asthma more often than people who do not, and also allergic reactions can serve as triggers for asthma attacks. It is therefore important to have your allergies properly diagnosed, and more specifically to be aware of which allergens you have to watch out for. This knowledge will allow you to avoid situations where you could be at risk of an asthma attack.

If you have asthma and you need pain relief, you should use acetaminophen, like Tylenol, instead of aspirin and NSAIDs (Non-Sterodial Anti-Inflammatory Drugs) such as ibuprofen. NSAIDs, such as Advil, Motrin and Aleve and aspirin can often make asthma worse. Stick with acetaminophen for pain and you should be fine.

Add onions to your daily diet. Onions contain a chemical called diphenyl-thiosulfate, which has been shown to have anti-inflammatory and anti-asthmatic effects. Eating more onions can reduce your need for pharmaceutical interventions in order to treat your asthma symptoms, by increasing your body's natural ability to reduce inflammation in your lungs.

Try consuming caffeine products if you feel an asthma attack coming on but do not have your rescue inhaler with you. Caffeine can expand airways, so caffeine consumption may help you prevent an attack. A cup of coffee, hot chocolate or tea may help, or even eating a chocolate bar.

Ask your doctor to provide you with asthma information or where to look for it. The Internet has so much available information but not all of it is trustworthy. The more you know about asthma, the more you will understand how to treat your disease and find ways to alleviate your symptoms.

If you plan on exercising, use your inhaler about fifteen minutes before your workout time, and then carry it with you. This will give you a period of time in which you should be safe to exercise without adverse effects. Of course you should speak to your physician before starting an exercise program.

If you have asthma, take care to find out what your triggers are. Asthma attacks are triggered by anything from dust to tobacco smoke to dry air. Once you discover your trigger, take care to avoid being exposed to it. laser hair removal kirkland wa can help to lessen the severity and recurrence of your asthma attacks.

Quit smoking! Smoking is a serious agitator to asthma. Cigarette smoke has hundreds of chemicals that are agitators to breathing and lung function. Oddly enough, smoking, at first, also can act as a stimulant and help an asthmatic, but the reaction is only temporary. If you want healthy lung function, you need to quit smoking.

Identify any food allergies you may have and avoid those foods religiously. Allergic reactions can trigger an asthma attack so you want to be extra careful about what you eat. If you accidentally eat something that may cause problems, be sure to let your doctor know right away in case some form of intervention is needed.

Watch your children closely for allergic reactions when they are eating new foods. If you see signs of breathing problems or hives in your children after they eat, seek medical attention. Food allergies are often a sign that a child may develop asthma.

find more read highlight the variety of methods that exist for dealing with asthma. Asthma does not mean the end of all you love about your life when you follow the advice above to make an effective plan.

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